The making of the town at the heart of the debates in the universities of architecture

TRADE. During this third edition of the summer universities of architecture, the question of the manufactures of the city has occupied an important place in the debates. Elected representatives, architects, owners, private and public have delivered their point of view. Here is what came of it.
For the third edition of its summer university, the college of architects had chosen the green surroundings of the théâtre Monfort, in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, to discuss two major themes central to the thinking of professionals from the act of building to know the manufactures of the city and the transformation of the profession of architect. Jean-Michel Daquin, president of the order of architects of Ile-de-France, introduced the day by announcing the results of the call for papers, launched in march, to reflect on the profession and the construction of the city of tomorrow.


Franck Lehuédé, the Crédoc, then analyze these results. The question “how to make the city of tomorrow, it is clear that it is necessary to understand the imbalance between the territories, the populations and the uses of the city and that the construction of the city of tomorrow will be marked by the digital revolution“. It will also be necessary to “think and make the city collectively, in interaction with different actors” (urbanismes, landscape architects, companies for CONSTRUCTION, artists, etc.) as the contributions show a willingness to carry out multidisciplinary consideration. And finally, it is apparent that it is necessary to think of the city based on urban planning practice that can evolve gradually to the city.


A relationship elected-architect essential


To address this the manufactures of the city, Stéphane Raffali, mayor of Ris-Orangis (Essonne), has delivered his point of view. According to him, “the role of the elected is to define a project“, but he observes “that some of these colleagues have deficiencies in terms of development“. It is considered important that the elected might define as precisely as possible the specifications of the architect to understand the expectations. Before applying for the architects, he explains that he has been able to judge the usefulness of the query upstream to the local residents to involve them in the project. So far, he considers it “necessary to leave the space and autonomy to the architect, “and to entrust to him the “conductor of the orchestra to the sides of the chosen before you even choose the employer“.


A point of view shared by the architect Anne Démians : “when the elected official does not keep the hand up to the building permit, it is the open door to the interior“, she says. And she adds that “even in private procedures, the elected officials must keep the hand“. She also joined the mayor of Ris-Orangis on the question of the involvement of the inhabitants, an approach that allows to include the project in the long term and to create diversity in a neighborhood, she said. It goes further than that : “Sum the evaluate is often the strength of the projects to insert with the intelligence of a building in a territory“.


Buildings multi-purpose


To make the city of tomorrow, it will be necessary to rethink the possibility of changing the use of buildings, also believes Anne Démians. She then evokes the question of the restructuring of the empty buildings, such as the many buildings of empty offices : “how to recycle ?“. To build, “it is necessary, therefore, to think of multiple uses from the start (…) it will cost less to rehabilitate,“argues the architect. Think of multiple uses, this is precisely what the architect Carmen Santana when she imagined the car park in a silo near the gare Saint Roch in Montpellier. “This building is reversible, if need be“, she explains.


In conclusion, the recipe might be : “an elected official, knowing, mastering his project, then consultation and participation, and an architect who remains the central pivot working with a variety of actors“, sums up Carmen Santana.

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