The training technique have taken the first place of the podium of the materials with which the craftsmen of the building form most. The effect of the entry into application of the device Recognized guarantor of the environment.
The fact of the entry into force of the principle of eco-conditionality of financial aid to the work of energy renovation, which is based on the words Recognized guarantor of the environment (RGE), the artisans were privileged, in 2014, the training to the technical rather than the prevention of occupational risks or the management of the business. At least this is the main trend that emerges from the figures of the national observatory 2014 training in the prevention, developed by the Institute of research and innovation in the health and safety at work (Iris-ST), in partnership with Capeb, the CNATP (craftsmen of public works and the landscape) and the professional Organization of prevention in the CONSTRUCTION industry.
Thus, in 2014, 63% of training courses followed were related to the technique (42% in 2013), and 30% were allocated to prevention (43% in 2013). The domain management password, it, from 15% to 7% in 2014.
Only 516 trainees trained to the physical constraints
In terms of prevention, “the year 2014 recorded a rise in staffing levels trainees for almost all of the themes security,” observe the authors of the study. The increase is partly of +37% for training of artisans at risk, asbestos (7.506 trainees) and +44% for physical constraints (516 trainees). However, these increases are to be put in perspective.
Thus, what is asbestos, what rebound is, at least in part, attributable to the new training obligations incumbent upon the companies since the reform of 2012.
As regards the field of physical constraints, the authors of the study are to establish a regrettable statement : “The reconciliation of the figures of the loss experience with those training in the prevention followed by the assets of the CONSTRUCTION industry highlights a gap between the main cause of accidents and the safety themes followed by the professionals.” In other words, in France, artisans in the CONSTRUCTION industry do not form to protect against major risks that threaten their health on a daily basis (and in the first place, musculo-skeletal disorders), but in function of the evolution of the regulations. A fact which does not lack challenge when we know that the BTP is the sector which is most accident-prone of the French economy.
“It will be necessary to examine the reasons for which the assets of the BTP after little training related to physical constraints in order to identify the actions to be put in place to ensure the follow-up of these formations,” says the Iris-ST.