AD. Eradication of strainers thermal, convergence of taxation on fuels, rise of taxation on carbon… The minister of the ecological Transition was unveiled on Thursday 6 July 2017, a set of measures designed to décarboner the Hexagon in order to make its footprint neutral by 2050. Overview and initial reactions.
The new minister of the ecological Transition has introduced a “Climate Plan” that defines the French strategy for the coming years, in order to limit the emission of greenhouse gases in the country and implement the Paris Agreement. A plan that will be based on the joint action of various departments.
- Nicolas Hulot is the head of the ecological Transition
Tuesday 4 July, the Prime minister had already lifted a corner of the veil on a variety of measures, including the suspension of all licensing of hydrocarbons (oil, gas, coal and shale gas) on the territory and alignment, by 2022, the taxation of Diesel to that of gasoline. The minister of Transport, Elizabeth Terminal, has, in front of the FNTP, announced the government’s intention to impose a tax on heavy goods vehicles taking the roads French. She said : “well, someone had to pay for” these transport infrastructure. Referring to the question of the budget, the minister replied : “Between the needs to maintain our networks in the state, to modernise them and the commitments that have been announced, there is a lack 10 billion over the five-year programme (…) Has a given time, there is no mystery : it is the user or the taxpayer who pays“. The government would have opted for the first solution, without, however, raise the environmental tax, initiated during the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy and abandoned under François Hollande. Elisabeth Merely would like to take account of the specificities of the regional territories (in the image of Britain, eccentric), in order not to penalize all the companies of transport.
Eradicate the strainers thermal in 10 years
Nicolas Hulot has, meanwhile, confirmed the wish, expressed by Edouard Philippe, to strengthen the carbon tax in the coming decade to the benefit of the green economy. The minister of the Transition has ensured that “accompanying measures” would be taken to help people in precarious situations, including in the form of checks energy. Specifically, about these households weakened, the minister of the ecological Transition, said : “In a period of 10 years, we will do away with all the so-called strainers thermal“, which would be the number of 8 million. For Nicolas Hulot, “the topic of energy efficiency is a topic where everyone wins” and whose “profitability is not complicated to demonstrate“. He added : “I consider that these are not expenses but investments“, referring to the use of 4 billion euros investment plan announced by Edouard Philippe. The objective of the government is clear : “to Eradicate completely the energy insecurity“. To achieve this, it will propose a diagnosis “to all the French modest (…) tenants and owners in a situation of energy poverty, who are struggling to heat“.
Another announcement, the minister for the ecological Transition confirmed the willingness to strengthen the support to production of energy decentralized. Nicolas Hulot intended to go “much faster and further” in aid for the local production of electricity : “It will also help the districts and rural areas to produce and consume their own energy, biogas or solar energy, “he said. Concerning the circular economy, it is anticipated that the waste going to landfill must be halved by 2025. In fine, the French ambitions will be to reach the carbon neutrality by 2050, that is to say, all of the greenhouse gas emissions national to be exactly compensated by this that can capture the French territory (forests, ocean area, etc.).
The mixed reactions and even severe
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The first reactions, contrasting, to these ads, were not slow. As of Wednesday, several employer associations of road carriers had reported that the eco-tax “in any form whatsoever“, was “a red line for the profession” not to be crossed. The Climate Action Network (RAC), which was formulated with high expectations following the statements of Emmanuel Macron when he was tancé Donal Trump on the release of the Paris Agreement, shows itself to be disappointed. In a statement the RAC said : “there are three big absentees in this Climate Plan. They pass completely under silence the necessary closure of nuclear power plants, which is essential to the achievement of the objectives of the law of energy Transition, and to give way to renewable energies“. Other complaint, the retreat on the question of a financial transactions tax the european expected to generate revenue in order to promote the climate solidarity international. “This reversal of position is unacceptable to the RAC“, who consider this tool as capital to help the poorest countries. “Finally, the Climate Plan does not provide for review radically the incorrect position of the French on the carbon sink“, as noted by the associations. They distribute, however, a few good points, on the government’s desire to close the last coal-fired power plants by the end of the mandate in particular.
As to the CLCV, the national association for the defence of consumers and users, it storm : “That day, the minister has put forward a Climate Plan in which the tone is welcome and positive. However, we do not share the idea according to which taxation of fuel is a good tool of behaviour change“. The association believes that the tax will not reduce consumption, and that it will only increase the weight of the imposition : “In the recent past (the contribution to climate and energy in the previous term), the strong increase of fuel tax was used to fund the decreased cost of doing business (CICE). Government announcements look for continuity (…) and the funds will not be used to finance the energy transition and, in particular, to help individuals in buy green“. The CLCV is firm : she will oppose an increase too frank of this tax system on energy.