At the end of 2016, the database had more than 1,600 plugs of the environmental statement and health and 400 profiles of equipment, essential to the life cycle analysis of buildings. A significant effort is expected in 2017, in order to satisfy the regulatory requirement of verification requirement, from 1 July next. The Alliance HQE-GBC reveals its data.
The database Inies includes the records of environmental and health statements (FDES) for construction products, as well as environmental profiles for products (PIP) for the equipment of buildings. It is therefore crucial to the assessment of the environmental performance of buildings over their life cycle and is based on the coherence of the data collected. Since the FDES are provided by the manufacturers, professional unions, technical centres, and must comply with european standards that set the methodology for the assessment. In aggregate, at the end of 2016, the base had 1.651 sheets representing not less than 35.718 commercial references as well as 403 PEP “Ecopassport”.
Less than half of the verified data
The number of cards is stable, but this masks the significant activity within the database : the data sheets that were filled according to the former standard NF P01-010 are gradually removed and replaced by other format NF IN 15804A1/CN. The barometer of the Alliance HQE-GBC said : “A dynamic that will continue as since the last sheets of the NF P01-010 come to the end of the 5 years of validity later in 2019“. The output of these sheets is therefore offset by the arrival of a hundred new european format, verified by independent third parties. Currently, 44 % of the specific data available in Inies are checked. Emmanuel Acchiardi, deputy director of quality and sustainable development in the construction of the DHUP, explains : “The environmental data developed by the manufacturers, and must be verified by an independent third party from 1 July 2017, are the thread running through the environmental assessment process. I wish to reiterate the importance of having accurate data and sufficient in number, can be used directly by practitioners analysis of the life cycle of a building“.
For the PIP, individual or collective, they are the subject of an independent audit systematic, and are based on the standard NF XP C08-100-1. In addition, 292 default values are built into the base. These surrogate data allow to compensate for the absence of specific data. The modules of environmental data generic (MDEGD) are made available by the ministry in charge of the construction. Fifty other data conventional services are complementary : there is data on the impacts of energy or on those services (transportation, drinking water, waste water, waste, refrigerants).
Of bio-based increase
In terms of families of products, the isolation happens largely in the head of the FDES, with 755 sheets filled in, far ahead of partitioning and suspended ceilings (275) and the coatings of walls and floors, paintings and decoration products (240). On the other hand, if it is the number of commercial references that are taken into account, this last family comes first with nearly 12,000 products, in front of the door and window frames and closures (10.700) and the products of structure, masonry, structural work and carpentry (6.900). The sanitation facilities remain very late, with only 18 cards, and 410 business referrals. As for the PIP, the switchgear installation for the electric power network and communication alone account for more than half of the documents of the database with 232 PIP. They arrive in front of the equipment of climate engineering (79) and safety equipment (33). The counter for the category “wire and cable” is still desperately stuck at 0.
The barometer states that the bio-based products are rising, within the database Inies (+40 % compared to 2015), with 167 sheets and 8.420 references related commercial. Other precision, 646 FDES have their label on the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), digitized (+22 %), which provides information on health, complementary, relating to the quality of the air inside and the quality of life in the building. This label is mandatory since 1 September 2013. Currently 45 % of the products subject to this regulation providing such information in digital format.
According to the Alliance HQE-GBC, “France has the largest number of specific data in the world“, far ahead of Germany (1.500 “IBU”) and the United States (a little more than 500 “UL Environment”). An avant-garde is necessary in view of the experimentation of the label (E+C-, where the life-cycle analysis is sensitive to the data design of the building but also to the environmental data. “A major effort is expected of manufacturers to produce FDES and PEP checked,” concludes the barometer, which announces : “Inies will also continue its path to provide all of the information relevant to the assessment of the performance of buildings“. The tool is so connected to the configurators (dedicated software) in order to facilitate the life of the industrialists in the seizure of the characteristics of their products : BETie for the concrete, Save for the steel and DEbois for the wood.