50.000 fires are electrical power source, each year in France, according to a study conducted by the national Observatory of electrical safety. To raise awareness and prevent consumers, the reflection Group on electrical safety in the housing (Gresel) recalls the entry into force, from 1 July, of the obligation by the owners donors to provide an electrical diagnosis of the housing. Explanations.
40 persons die of electrocution and 3,000 people are the victims of electrification each year, 50,000 of home fire per year are source power, representing a cost of one billion euros for the community and 2/3 of the housing in which the electrical installation has more than 15 years do not meet at least 1 of the 6 points of safety regulatory. Figures to be cold in the back. These are the results published by the national Observatory on electrical safety, on the 28th of march last. These fires of electrical origin for 61 % of them are related to electrical equipment (heaters, washing machine, microwave, lamps…), 36 % to fixed installations or mobile (sockets, power strips,…), and 3 % to the facilities of the common parts.
Also, “the electrical damage are too many because they exceed the 400,000 each year, and relate to all electrical equipment. They are mainly due to lightning, overvoltage, overcurrent, overheating, component failure or an electrical fault”, said the Observatory.
A number of shocks divided by five
“Thanks to regulation, the number of electrocutions has been divided by 5 in 41 years, but the number of victims is still unacceptable : a simple safety could prevent these dramatic accidents”, insists Françoise Thiébault, general secretary of the family association laymen of Paris.
To alert and warn users of the reflection Group on electrical safety in the housing recalls the entry into force, from 1 July, of the obligation of the owners to provide a diagnosis of the electrical installation of the housing to any new tenant. This regulation is not new, it is added to the one relating to the electrical diagnosis is mandatory for housing sales since 2009.
A diagnosis and work to anticipate
This regulation has brought to light that 2/3 of the housing in which the electrical installation has more than 15 years and do not meet at least 1 of the 6 points of regulatory certainty(3). “And among these facilities, 80 % have a grounded defective, 60 % have a poor equipotential bonding and do not respect the safety zones in bathrooms, 60 % present a risk of direct contact with the elements under voltage, and 50 % have devices outdated”, explains the press release.
The members of the Gresel also advise the donor to anticipate this update of the regulations in which check now the electrical installation of one or more dwellings and carry out the work if necessary. “It will rent more quickly when a change of tenant or a lease renewal, and to avoid having to carry out the necessary work in the emergency and duress,” they concluded.