Recently re-elected to the national Assembly, Pierre Morel-to-the Bailiff has a horse of battle : the fight against visual pollution supposed to wind turbines. He is the author of a bill that seeks to impose a perimeter of 2 kilometers around protected landscapes or classified. A measure that would stop a number of projects, as confirmed in Delphine Lequatre, legal officer at the Union of renewable energies.
France is a veritable open-air museum : the country has no less than 2,700 sites are classified and protected, 4.000 sites and 44.236 historical monuments ! Many places that the member of The Republican Pierre Morel-to-the Bailiff wishes to place under bell, by imposing a perimeter of the exclusion of 2 kilometres of the installation of wind turbines. In a legislative proposal submitted on June 6, 2017, shortly before his re-election to the national Assembly, the deputy of Lozère is particularly vindictive : evoking first the environmental clearance unique, he slips on the concept of visual pollution, then on the health impact before ending up on the devaluation of real estate.
A health impact or environmental ?
Delphine Lequatre, legal director of the renewable energies Syndicate (SER), described in detail the text for Batiactu : “It reflects the positions and arguments of the classics, the opponents of onshore wind turbines, such as France, Environmental sustainability, or the Wind of anger. On the environmental clearance, for example, the member of parliament denounces the weakening of the protection of the environment. But this permission is just the aggregation in a single procedure all the existing permissions, to have a unique interlocutor“. A process that interferes with the anti-wind turbine since it reduces the number of possible recourse to a single, against the single authorisation itself, rather than against each of the six previous authorizations. “But all the steps in the litigation are respected, up to the Council of State if the complainant wishes, “says the lawyer. “And the rules are unchanged, the right is constant, there has been no easing for the benefit of the wind turbines and to the detriment of local residents or heritage“.
The other point raised by the deputy of Lozère : a notice of the Academy of medicine, which would recommend to implement the wind “at over 1,500 metres of dwellings to avoid the headaches or the sleeplessness, severe“. “It is an untruth, “said Delphine Lequatre. “A 2006 report called for well this distance but to machines of a power superior to 2.5 MW. And since, in march 2017, Anses has made a report on the health impact of wind turbines and concludes that it is unnecessary to touch the minimum distance of 500 metres“. The locations are, anyway, considered on a case-by-case basis, with the services of the State, under the aegis of the prefect and in good cooperation between the project promoters and the local residents. The law proposal of member of parliament Morel-to-the Bailiff then shifts the following statement : “The construction of wind turbines also leads to a damage of the quality of the water : residents are deprived of drinking water, with repercussions on the public health“. A sentence that pushed the legal officer of the SER : “first of All, this has nothing to do with the object of the act. Then it is false. Since the wind turbines are under the regime ICPE with a section on the protection of the water, it is impossible“.
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The deputy of Lozère, then announces that the presence of the turbines would result in a strong devaluation of real estate “20% to 40% for a good 2 km of a wind turbine“. Response of Delphine Lequatre : “there is no possible conclusion from the few studies carried out. And there is no impairment recorded. On the contrary, with the installation of a wind farm in a rural town, there are potentially more activity or a renovation of the road which will make the territory more attractive, particularly for young and active people. Some mayors have observed“.
Beyond these arguments, the SER is not surprising of the deposit of this proposed law. The lawyer explains : “We are not particularly worried, the government will never pass this law“. Already, at the beginning of 2016, amendments had been filed away, this time of 10 km, the wind turbines of historical monuments. And they had been excluded because of the kick-off that they would bring to the sector and to the energy transition in progress. So far, the union expects other texts of the same ilk, on the size of the wind turbines, the most powerful or density of parks in some regions such as Hauts-de-France or the far East. On the motives of Pierre Morel-a-The Bailiff, Delphine Lequatre said : “The Lozère is a territory hostile to wind turbines, because of the low vegetation they are more particularly visible“. Re-elected at the parliamentary elections, the mp will there always be also vehement to satisfy its voters ?